Diamond Anatomy

While every diamond is unique, all diamonds share certain structural features. A diamond’s anatomy, or its basic structure, determines its proportions, brilliance, dispersion and scintillation. Each part of the diamond has a specific name, and having a basic understanding of how each part contributes to the diamond as a whole will help you find your perfect diamond.

A diamond is comprised of the eight main components. They are Diameter, Table, Crown, Table Spread, Girdle, Pavilion, Depth, and Culet. Below is a brief description of each part of a diamond and its location.

  • Diameter: The width of a polished stone, measured from edge to edge.
  • Table: The largest polished facet located on the top of the diamond.
  • Crown: The top part of a diamond extending from the table to the girdle. The crown is made up of bezel facets (crown mains), star facets, upper girdle facets (upper halves), and a table facet.
  • Girdle: The very edge (widest edge) of the diamond where the crown and pavilion meet.
  • Pavilion: The bottom part of a diamond extending from the girdle down to the culet.
  • Depth: The total height of a diamond measured from the table to the culet.
  • Culet: The small or pointed facet at the very bottom of the diamond.

Before purchasing a diamond, make sure that you have a basic understanding of a diamond’s anatomy. This will allow you to truly appreciate diamonds and all their intricacies, communicate with experts about a particular diamond, and, most importantly, it will assist you in making a well-thought out decision about which diamond is best for you.

page load - render : 161.0446 ,snapshot:153.9903, page load end:157.9862[[page-load-default3]] page load - stats :153.0006 total:131.003 miniVer : 0 SPProcessor2 : 0 spp.GetPageXml() : 131.9878 jTrans : 135.0392 xnlRef : 135.0392 xnl n0, container:#BodyContainer Transform: 1.0132 xnl n0 : 138.044, container:#BodyContainer xnl n1 : 144.9908, container:header xnl n2 : 147.0664, container:footer xnl n3, container:#WidePane Transform: 0 xnl n3 : 148.087, container:#WidePane xnl n4, container:#educationLeft Transform: 0 xnl n4 : 149.0183, container:#educationLeft xnl n5, container:#educationMain Transform: 0 xnl n5 : 150.0053, container:#educationMain xnl n6, container:#BreadCrumbsPane Transform: 0 xnl n6 : 150.0053, container:#BreadCrumbsPane xnl loop : 150.0053 template:1,#BodyContainer processTime:2.0499 template:1185.51,header processTime:48.9367 template:1185.52,footer processTime:16.9909 template:118,#WidePane processTime:19.9956 template:126,#educationLeft processTime:9.0259 template:117,#educationMain processTime:14.0563 template:99,#BreadCrumbsPane processTime:16.9694